Q. How old is the earth?
The earth is no more than 6000 years old. What the scientist use to calculate the age of items is not the problem but rather how one is approaching the question. When scripture says, "In the beginning" it means the beginning of time. Time is a byproduct of creation. Therefore when G-d created the universe He created it with time already in it. Thus, if on the fourth day when G‑d created the trees, if one was to cut a tree down on the eighth day one would find the tree has rings dating it to well over four days, it could have rings dating it to 50, 100, 150 or even 400 years.

The light from the stars that are over 200 light years away would already be visible because G-d built time into His creation. The scripture says that G-d created the Sun, Moon and stars and He called them forth and it was so. The stars were visible on the day they were created, yet if time was not built into them they wouldn't have been visible for a very long time. The light from the sun, the closest star, takes eight minutes to reach the earth. So when the scientist date the earth and space they are not incorrect, according to their reckoning, using the information at their disposal and simply looking at the facts the earth is dated at millions of years old although it has only been in existence for 6000 years.

Q. Why do you worship on Saturday and not Sunday?
The L-rd gave His people the Sabbath (sundown Friday till sundown Saturday) as a day of rest and worship. There are whole books written on this subject and without getting into too much detail the reason above should be enough. G-d has never changed His Sabbath, and it must be stressed that it is His Sabbath and not the Jews. To G-d there is but one Sabbath, the seventh day.

Sunday replaced the Biblical Sabbath hundreds of years after the Apostles had died, by the Church Fathers, who for the most part were gnostic in their belief system and incorporated many of the gnostic beliefs into Christianity. Sunday, as the name suggests, was the day of sun worship and it was chosen as a replacement for the Sabbath because of the familiarity of the nations to its use. The nations were already familiar with this day and it would make for an easier transition into Christianity if it was chosen as the day of worship rather than the Sabbath which was more Jewish in nature and at this time it was not popular to be associated with the rebellious Jews. The very act of abandoning the Sabbath was in itself an anti-Semitic action. The quick answer to the question of why do we keep the Sabbath, because G-d told us to, and that's all the reason we need. For more information on the Sabbath please refer to our article on the Sabbath.

Q. Why do you put a dash in G‑d ?
In the Scripture we are told not to take the Name of the L‑rd our G-d in vain. In fulfillment of this directive we place a dash in the place of the o in both G-d and L-rd. This way if one was to discard the paper the Name of G-d is written upon they are not desecrating it because it is not spelled out in its completed form. It is nothing more than a precaution to prevent us from breaking a commandment of G‑d. In Judaism this is called a "fence."

Q. Why do you use Yeshua instead of Jesus?
Yeshua is the Hebrew name of the Messiah. Everyone would have used this name when referring to him. It is the name his mother gave him and called him by. We also see a very distinct difference between Yeshua and Jesus. A few examples are, Jesus abolished the Law, Yeshua kept the Law and instructed others to keep it as well, for all time. Jesus abolished kosher, Yeshua kept kosher  and directed all others to keep it as well, for all time.

Q. Why do I see the Messiah's name spelled so many different ways?
The Hebrew for Yeshua is יֵשׁוּעַ. The first vowel, a צֵרֵי tzeirei, which is transliterated or pronounced as "ei" as in eight or "e" as in they. Therefore, the correct pronunciation of the Messiah's name is Yeishua, the Yei being pronounced as "yea" in a vote meaning yes. I use Yeshua purely because it has become the accepted spelling and the last thing we need is another spelling of the name of the Messiah.

The other ways I have seen it spelled are, Y'shua and Yahshua. Of these Yahshua is not even a possibility. It is used by what are commonly referred to as "Sacred Namers". I have many friends that fall in this camp and I respectively completely disagree with their assumption. Their is no historical evidence to support Yeshua's name being pronounced Yahshua. The reason for their pronunciation is that they surmise the Messiahs name must contain the Yah of G‑d's Name. Again, this is because they believe it should and no other reason.

The spelling Y'shua is also incorrect because the ' implies that the vowel is a s'va which looks like two dots placed on top of each other. Whereas some do transliterate it as an "e" most correctly use the apostrophe to represent the vowel. It is pronounced as a short "e" or somewhat sharp stop on the "e" (most of the time). It is used for other purposes when more than one s'va is used and then it is silent.

Q. Didn't Yeshua say he was the end of the Law?
No, he never said that, a correct reading of the  verse in Romans 10.4 is as follows:
"For Messiah is the goal of the Torah for righteousness to everyone who believes." And it was Sha'ul (Paul) that said it, not Yeshua. The purpose of the verse is to express that Yeshua is the purpose the Torah was given. The Torah speaks of him and directs all mankind to him for righteousness.

Q. Do you keep the dietary laws?
Yes. I keep kosher. In the beginning I kept what is termed "Biblical kosher" which means that I abstained from treif (forbidden foods) such as shellfish, animals that do not have a cloven foot and chew the cud, etc.. As my observance grew so did my level of kashrut. I (or I should say we meaning my family and I) started separating meat and dairy and only ate kosher meats.

This, as you might imagine, was a very big step for us. This meant separating dishes and cookware as well. Our whole kitchen changed which in turn changed our whole lifestyle. This was by far the most complicated and far reaching change we have ever made.

There is no direct commandment for the non-Jew to keep kosher. Rather, it is a common sense one. (not to say that those that do not keep kosher do not have common sense.) If believing Jews and non-Jews are to sit at the same table they simply must have the same eating requirements. If a non-Jew invites a Jew to dinner the Jew would have to decline if the non-Jew did not keep kosher since the Jew is required to do so.

Q. Doesn't the New Testament say that all foods are clean?
Again, as mentioned above, the scriptures never even imply that unclean foods may be eaten when understood from their Hebraic perspective.

Mark 7:19 "because it does not enter his heart but his stomach, and is eliminated, thus purifying all foods?"

In this verse it is believed by the translators that the verse is referring to the action of declaring all foods clean for consumption, yet when kept in context it has nothing to do with the laws of kashrut (dietary laws). Yeshua was never accused of this action by anyone. If the leaders of the day that were attempting to trap Yeshua ever even got a hint that he had declared pork clean to eat they would have attacked him violently, yet we never see this happening. The NU-Text equates the phrase "thus purifying all foods?" as a quote from Mark and not Yeshua and for this reason many translations place these words in parenthesis.

In Matthew 15.10-20 these verses are better defined. Yeshua was never discussing eating kosher or treif (non-kosher) foods, the topic was the washing of hands and rather it makes the food unacceptable for consumption. Peter says that the saying offended the Pharisees, had Yeshua declared all foods clean I assure you that it would have done more than offend them they would have went ballistic.

1 Timothy 4:3 forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which G-d created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.

This verse is rather simple actually. The key to understanding it is the phrase, "foods which G-d created to be received..." These foods are defined for us in the Tanakh. They are the dietary laws found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14. The verse must be kept in context and read from the beginning to determine what and who the verses are talking about.

Acts 10 is too long to quote but it is concerning Peters vision of the sheet that was let down with unclean creatures and animals and Peter was told to kill and eat. Peter of course declined stating that no unclean food had ever touched his mouth, yet G‑d said for Peter not to call unclean what He had made clean. This happened three times and the sheet was taken back up to heaven. Peter never did eat. This verse is a classic for G-d making all foods clean but it actually has nothing to do with that topic. Peter himself defined the topic later in Acts 11 as referring to the Gentile believers. In no way can these verses be taken to mean that G‑d had rejected His own laws of dietary foods.

Q. Why do you use Sha'ul instead of Paul?
We use the Hebrew name of Paul to emphasis his Jewishness and remind people that he was a Jew, thought as a Jew and taught as a Jew using Jewish idioms and nuances to convey his message.

Q. Do you believe in "Original Sin"?
Yes, we do believe in the concept of original sin. Adam was perfect until the time that he followed the lies of Satan and thus he sinned and was reduced in nature to fallen man. His sin was passed on to all mankind and was only broken by the atonement of the second Adam, Yeshua.

Q. What is "Backsliding"?
Backsliding is the action of sinning. Whenever a believer sins he in essence, backslides. We completely reject the notion that a true believer can return to their previous life before accepting Yeshua and still be redeemed. This is not backsliding, this is a rejection of Yeshua.

1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us; but they went out that they might be made manifest, that none of them were of us.

This verse explains our view best. If a "believer" departs and returns to their previous life, they were never a true believer to begin with, for if they were they would have remained.

Q. Do you believe in "Once Saved Always Saved"?
Yes, we do, however, as mentioned above, true believers will never depart thus when one is actually redeemed they are always redeemed or once saved always saved.

Q. I've been told that the Rapture can happen at any minute, is this true?
No, unless that minute is during the Festival of Rosh haShanah. The rapture is an event where the believers are taken to heaven, both living and dead, for the coronation of the Messiah as King. and the wedding of the King to the Bride. All of these events are to take place on the Festival of Rosh haShanah (Feast of Trumpets). Just as the Messiah was to suffer and die on Passover the events just mentioned are to take place on Rosh haShanah, it is preordained.

Q. If Yeshua was the perfect sacrifice, why do you say sacrifices would still be offered if the Temple was still standing?
Yeshua was indeed the perfect sacrifice but that has nothing to do with the sacrifices of the Temple. The Temple sacrifices were not designed to take away or even cover the sins of the people. The faith of the people in those sacrifices are what acquired their forgiveness. The sacrifices were to teach one the seriousness of sin and they continue to do so even after the death, burial and resurrection of Yeshua. Yeshua's sacrifice had no effect on the daily sacrifices offered in the Temple and for this reason the Apostles continued to offer sacrifices till the destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E.

Q. Do you observe the Jewish customs and ceremonies?
Yes, we observe the Jewish customs and ceremonies concerning the Sabbath and Festivals. It was to the Jews that G‑d gave the commandments and how to observe them. Sha'ul (Paul) taught these customs everywhere he went. It should be stressed here that there are different customs and ceremonies among the different sects of Judaism. I observe the Sephardic traditions but even among them there are differing opinions as well on certain topics. The crux of the matter is that whichever custom you abide by you should be fully convinced that it is the correct one and then observe it.

These things take time and you should move into them as G‑d gives you conviction.

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